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BORDEAUX-AQUITAINE 1940-1944 » BORDEAUX, BASE MILITAIRE STRATEGIQUE » la Luftwaffe à Mérignac

la Luftwaffe à Mérignac

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1 la Luftwaffe à Mérignac le Mar 14 Juin 2016 - 15:55

bonzillou


Bonjour

voici des infos sur Mérignac (et plus largement sur Bordeaux en intro) tirées de : http://www.ww2.dk/Airfields%20-%20France.pdf

Bordeaux  (FR)  (44 50 15 N – 00 34 45 W)    
Lw. Garrison and Station Units (on the airfield, in the city or nearby – not complete):
Commands
 (Kommandobehörden, Stäbe):   Stab/2. Fliegerdivision (Aug-
Nov 42); Jagdabschnittsführer Bordeaux (Jan-Aug 44); Koflug Bordeaux (Jul
40 – Mar 41); Koflug 5/XII (Apr 41 – Aug 44).
Antiaircraft
 (Flak):   Lv-Kdo. 11 (Feb-Sep 41); Stab/11. Flak-Div. (Sep
41 - ? )?; Stab/Flak-Rgt. 45 (1940 – Aug 44); Stab/Flak-Rgt. 159 (ETr.)
(Apr-Aug 44)?; II./Flak-Rgt. 22 (gem. mot.) (May 43); elements of I./Flak-
Rgt. 24 (gem. mot.) (c.Aug 40 - Apr 41); le.Flak-Abt. 75 (mot) (1940 – Apr
41); le.Flak-Abt. 80 (Sf) (Apr-Jun 44); le.Flak-Abt. 83 (mot.) (1940); part of
Luftsperr-Abt 102(v) (1943); elements of gem.Flak-Abt. 127 (1940 – c.May
41); le.Flak-Abt. 144 (Fähre) (c.mid-43 – Apr 44); gem.Flak-Abt. 195(v)
(Feb-Aug 44); part of gem.Flak-Abt. 196(v) (c.Dec 43 – Jan 44); gem.Flak-
Abt. 261 (spring 43 – Aug 44); Flakscheinw.Abt. 298 (1940-41);
Flakscheinw.Abt. 308 (1943 – Apr 44); gem.Flak-Abt. 347 (early 43 – Aug
44); gem.Flak-Abt. 355(v) (1942-43); elements of schw.Flak-Abt. 473
(Eisb.) (Dec 43 – Jan 44)?; gem.Flak-Abt. 497(v) (Feb-May 44); elements of
gem.Flak-Abt. 595 (Jun 43 - Aug 44); le.Flak-Abt. 901(v) (1940); le.Flak-
Abt. 923(v) (1940-41); part of le.Flak-Abt. 999(v) (1941 – Jul/Aug 44);
Feld-Flakinstandsetzungswerkstatt 7/XII (1941); Flakwaffen-
Instandsetzungswerkstatt (o) 101/XII (1943-44); Flak-Geräteausgabestelle
5/XII (mot) (1943-44); Flak-Geräteausgabestelle (o) 103/XII (1943); Flak-
Geräteausgabestelle (o) 105/XII (1943); Flak-Geräteausgabestelle 6/WF
(mot) (1942-43); elements of Luftschutz-Abt. d.Lw. 31 (1943-44);
Luftschutz-Abt. d.Lw. 36 (Jul 40 – Jan 41).
Air Force Signals
 (Luftnachrichten):   1.(Feldfernkabel-Bau)/Ln.-Rgt. 13
(May 43); Stab VII.(Flum.Mess)/Ln.-Rgt. 54 (1943 – Aug 44); Stab
VI./Luftgau-Nachr.Rgt. Westfrankreich (Oct 41 – May 43); Stab II.
(Flum.)/Luftgau-Nachr.Rgt. 112 (Mar 43 – Aug 44); 24.
(schw.Flum)/Feldluftgau-Nachr.Rgt. Westfrankreich (c.fall 41 – Apr/May 43);
Stab/Lv-Nachr.Abt. 9 (Feb-Sep 41); Flugmelde-Funk-Kp. z.b.V. 23 (to Nov
42); Ln.-Abt. 72 (Aug-Nov 42); Ln.-Abt. 131 (c.Sep 41 - ? ); Ln.-Kp. z.b.V.
24 (1944); Flugmeldemesszug z.b.V. 17 (1943-44); Flugmeldemesszug
z.b.V. 18 (1943-44); Flugmeldemesszug z.b.V. 19 (1943-44).
Construction
 (Bau):   Lw.-Feldbauamt 10/W-F (c.1940-44).
Supply Services
 (Nachschubdienste):   Flieger-Geräteausgabe- und
Sammelstelle 3/XII (Vayres – 1943 – Aug 44); Munitionsausgabestelle d.Lw.
16/XII (St-Médard – 1941); Nachschub-Kp. d.Lw. 16/IV (1943-44);
Nachschub-Kp. d.Lw. 11/XI (1941/42 – c.Aug 43).
Ground Transport
 (Transportkolonnen):   Nachschubkolonnen-Abt. d.Lw.
2/I (1943 – Mar 44); Nachschubkolonnen-Abt. d.Lw. 1/XIII (May 43)?;
Trsp.Kol. d.Lw. 123/VII (1943-44)?; Trsp.Kol. d.Lw. 124/XII (Aug 44)?;
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56
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Luftwaffe A
irfields 1935-45
Kw.Werkstattzug d.Lw. 412 (1940 – mid-41); Kfz.Werkstatt (o) d.Lw.
112/XII (1943-44).
Other
 (sonstige, verschiedene):   Luftzeugstab 6 (1940-41); Luftwaffen-
Kontrollkommission IV (Aug 40 – Jan 41); Verbindungsstelle d.Lw. beim HKP
524 Bordeaux (Oct 43); Fluganwärter-Btl. IV (spring 42 – Apr 43);
IV./Flieger-Rgt. 90 (c.Apr 43 – Aug 44).
Bordeaux-Merignac
  (FR)  (44 549 50 N – 00 42 22 W)    
General
:   major airfield in W France 9-10 km W of Bordeaux on the NNW
outskirts of the village of Beutre.
History
:  established in 1917 as a civil airport that was also used by the
French military as a bomber base and a training center.   Taken over by the
Luftwaffe in late June 1940 and developed into arguably the most important
base on the Atlantic coast for long-range maritime reconnaissance and anti-
shipping operations.
Dimensions
:  approx. 2380 x 1830 meters (2600 x 2000 yards) and irregular
in shape.
Surface and Runways
:  good grass surface on clay sub-soil with artificial
drainage.   There were 2 concrete runways: (1) approx. 1830 meters (2000
yards) in length, aligned NE/SW, with an assembly hardstand at the S end;
(2) approx. 1800 meters (1970 yards) in length, aligned ESE/WSW, with
assembly hardstands at both ends.   Equipped with perimeter and
obstruction lighting,and both runways had permanent illumination, beam
approach and a visual Lorenz system.   The tax tracks to the East dispersal
area also had lighting.
Fuel and Ammunition
:  the main refueling points were in front of the hangars
on the S boundary and at the N end of the hangars on the SW boundary.
The two principal bulk fuel storage sites were immediately SE of the S
hangars and along the W side of the approach road from Beutre.   The main
ammunition dump covered a large area off the E boundary, in the woods
behind the hangars, and N of these woods to the W.   Additionally, there
were 3 other ammunition storage points near the aircraft dispersal areas,
plus a central airfield armory located behind hangars on the SW boundary.
Infrastructure
:  Bordeaux-Merignac had a total of 21 hangars of which 15
were large.   These were in 4 groups on the NW, E, S and SW boundaries.
Additional workshop buildings were in the hangar areas.   Behind the
hangars on the S boundary were 6 sheds for the reception and dispatching
of aircraft engines as well as vehicle equipment and parts.   The station
motor pool and garages were also in this area.   The main airfield buildings
were at the S end behind the hangars and included the station HQ, barrack
blocks, messhalls, admin buildings, officers’ mess, photographic section,
infirmary, base stores, etc.   There were also several camps of huts for
workers in the Bloch factory and for civilian airfield construction and
maintenance personnel.   A branch rail line served the airfield.
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57
 -
Luftwaffe A
irfields 1935-45
Dispersal
:  in Dec 43 there were 6 aircraft dispersal areas – North, East,
Southeast, Southwest, Northwest and Perimeter with a total of 24 large
covered shelters, 6 large open shelters and 9 parking hardstands for a total
of 39.   In spring 1944, 29 parking hardstands were added to the Southeast
and Northwest dispersals for a final total of 68.
Defenses
:  there were 6 heavy Flak batteries (four with 6 guns and two with
4 guns) within 3.25 km of the airfield, and 21 light Flak positions around the
perimeter, of which at least 11 were emplaced in a number of Flak towers.
Ground defenses around the airfield were extensive and included numerous
machine gun strongpoints, blockhouses, bunkers, anti-tank gun
emplacements, barbed wire and trench systems.
Satellites and Decoys

Bordeaux-Coudard
  (44 47 30 N – 00 43 15 W), dummy 3.6 km SSW of
Bordeaux-Merignac airfield.
Remarks
:
22/23 Nov 40: bombed by RAF – 2 x Fw 200s from I./KG 40 and 1 x Ar 66
from Luftdienstkdo. 1/12 destroyed on the ground.  
12/13 Apr 41: hit by 24 RAF bombers -
3 x Fw 200s destroyed, 6 x He l11
H-5s damaged and 1 W 34 destroyed, all from I./KG 40.
20 Apr 41: employed 2,971 non-German workers.
5 Jan 44: bombed by 112 B-17 Fortresses – NE/SW runway cratered at the
N end; both ends of the landing area hit; the 3 large hangers on the NW
boundary took a number of direct hits along with the paved aprons in front
of them; ammo stores at the NW corner hit; concentrated hits in the main
airfield buildings group behind the hangars on the S boundary and a number
of aircraft damaged on the ground during the attack.   Airfield unserviceable
for some days after the attack.
28 Jan 44: most of the craters from the 5 January raid had been filled in and
Merignac was mostly serviceable again.
5 Mar 44: low-level attack by VIII Fighter Command P-51 Mustangs –
claimed
 2 x Fw 200s destroyed and another damaged.
21 Mar 44: low-level attack by VIII Fighter Command P-51s –
claimed
 3 x
Fw 190s destroyed.
27 Mar 44: bombed by 123 B-17 Fortresses – 8 x He 177s from II./KG 40
destroyed or damaged on the ground.   Both runways rendered
unserviceable along with much of the landing area; 7 of the hangars
damaged, several severely; 3 workshops behind the hangars on the S
boundary destroyed and 3 more damaged; direct hit on the bulk fuel storage
tanks at the S end; further damage to the main airfield buildings behind the
hangars on the S boundary.
15 Jun 44: bombed in morning by 144 B-17s - station reported 3 hangars
destroyed, 5 hangars damaged, 5 x He 177s and 1 x Fw 200 from II./KG 40
destroyed and 5 more aircraft damaged; 4 hangars completely destroyed
and 5 others damaged.
-
58
 -
Luftwaffe A
irfields 1935-45
16 Jul 44: photo reconnaissance showed both runways in the process of
being extended, the NE/SW tunway to approx. 2200 meters (2400 yards)
and the ESE/WNW runway to approx. 2285 meters (2500 yards).
24 Aug 44: Bordeaux liberated by Allied forces.
Operational Units
:   I./KG 40 (Jun 40 – Mar 42); Stab/KG 40 (Jul-Dec 40,
Apr 41 – Jul 44); III./KG 40 (c.May 42 – Nov 43); part of V./KG 40 (c.Jul 42
– Jul 44); Sonderkommando Rastedter (c.Jul 43 – Feb 44); II./KG 40 (Oct
43 – Jul 44); III./ZG 1 (Oct 43 – Feb 44); Sonderkommando Kunkel (Nov 43
– Jun 44); Luftdienstkdo. Westküste Frankreich (Dec 43 – Apr 44); Horch-
und Störstaffel 2 (Feb-May 44); Stab/ZG 1 (Jun-Jul 44); Wekusta 2 OKL
(Jul-Aug 44).
Reserve Training & Replacement Units
:  Erg.St./JG 77 (Nov 40 – Feb 41).
Station Commands
:   Fl.H.Kdtr. A 9/VII (Jul 40 – Dec 42); Fl.H.Kdtr. A
213/XII (Jan 43 – Mar 44); Fl.H.Kdtr. E(v) 231/XII (Apr-Aug 44).
Station Units
 (on various dates – not complete):   Feldwerft-Abt. (mot)
z.b.V. 1 (Oct 43 – Aug 44); Flugh.Betr.Kp. (FK) 3 (Jun 44); one Zug of
Flugh.Betr.Kp. (FK) 5 (Mar-Aug 44); Lw.-Bauleitung Bordeaux-Merignac
(c.1940-44).
[
Sources
:  AFHRA A5259 pp.1448-54 (2 Jun 43 updated to 16 Jul 44) and
A5260 pp.1767-75 (2 Jun 43 updated to 28 Jan 44); chronologies; BA-MA;


34 45

2 Re: la Luftwaffe à Mérignac le Mar 14 Juin 2016 - 15:56

bonzillou


sur le même site des infos sur mont de Marsan , Pau, etc....

un gros paquet d'infos à digérer!

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